The Battle of Iwo Jima was a 35 day battle in the Pacific between the U.S Marines and the Imperial Japanese Army. The island was significant in terms of tactical positioning because it had three airfields. The battle was one of the bloodiest in the War of the Pacific, with casualty and loss numbers and of about 25,000 for the Americans and about 20,000 for the Japanese. The image of the flag being raised was captured by photographer Joe Rosenthal on the fifth day of the battle. It immediately became an iconic image, flashed around the world, reproduced widely. It won the Pulitzer Prize.