The Austrian Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg began his meetings with Hitler in his mountain retreat. Nazi agitators had already been stirring up Anti-Semitic hatred throughout Austria. One month later the military machine that was the German army rolled freely into Austria. In fact, the Wermarcht soldiers were greeted like heroes, hundreds of thousands lined the streets to see them arrive. Hitler's homeland had been welcomed into the Third Reich.
The day will live long in the memories of the people of Northern Ireland and indeed, of those in the Republic. Divisions and discriminations between Catholics and Protestants, internment without trial and increasing levels of violence was the background to the day’s events. During a civil rights march organised by the NICRA (Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association), soldiers from the 1st Battalion, the Parachute Regiment (1 PARA), fired over 100 rounds into panicked crowds, killing 14 people. The events sent many into the arms of the P.I.R.A (Provisional Irish Republican Army) and extended “the Troubles” for decades. In 2010. The Saville Inquiry found that the killing of the unarmed protesters was "unjustified and unjustifiable."