Also known as the Baker Massacre, after the man leading the soldiers (Col. Eugene Baker), this was an exercise in cruelty. After the murder of a white rancher, to which the tribe had no connection to, the soldiers had surrounded the camp while the men of the village were away hunting for food. It was common for the Army to use scouts to help identify different Indian markings and whether they belonged to rebellious or peaceful tribes. Deciding this mattered not, Baker ordered the soldiers shoot, kill and burn alive the villagers. He left approximately 140 prisoners to freeze in the dead of winter after he discovered they had smallpox. Neither Baker nor his men faced any disciplinary charges for their actions.
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